Sickle Cell Anemia in the Boqueirão Kilombo Community, Bahia, Brazil


  • Robson Amaro Augusto da Silva Universidade Federal da Bahia
  • Studant Group UFBA
  • Maise Mendonça Amarim UFBA
  • Tiana Baqueiro Figueiredo UFBA
  • Raquel de Souza Gestinari UFBA
  • Laize Tomazi UFBA



Anemia, Kilombo, Sickle, Cell


Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is the most common monogenic hereditary disease in Brazil. The North and Northeastern regions of Brazil concentrate a large number of outstanding African ancestry communities, denominated kilombo. The aim of this study was to make a survey of SCA cases in the Boqueirão Kilombo community, situated in Bahia semi-arid region. Individuals from the 467 who replied positively for the occurrence of jaundice, and family history of sickle cell anemia were pre-selected to undergo the diagnostic exam for sickle cell anemia and included in the Group 1. The others individuals were included in the Group 2. Blood samples evaluation of Group 1 showed the following hemoglobin genotypes: HbAA in 65 individuals, HbSS in 3 individuals and HbAS in 29 individuals, HbAF in 1 individual and HbAC in 2 individuals. One of the individuals with SCA and all the heterozygots for the mutated allele S did not know that they had the mutation. The survey data demonstrate the need for health assistance directed towards these special communities.




Como Citar

Silva, R. A. A. da, Group, S., Amarim, M. M., Figueiredo, T. B., Gestinari, R. de S., & Tomazi, L. (2016). Sickle Cell Anemia in the Boqueirão Kilombo Community, Bahia, Brazil. Scientia Plena, 12(9).

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